Short version is a blend of 10% recycled cotton and 10% recycled plastic water bottles PET, with 80% virgin
combed cotton. The blend of recycled fibers with new virgin combed cotton creates the softness, durability and
absorbency for wonderful new products while supporting sustainability of the earth's resources.
PET is Polyethylene terephthalate is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and
is used in containers for liquids and foods. Think Plastic water bottles. The majority of the world's PET
production is for synthetic fibers (in excess of 60%), with bottle production accounting for about 30% of
global demand. In the context of textile applications, PET is referred to by its common name, polyester.
In 2016, it was estimated that 56 million tons of PET are produced each year. PET bottle recycling is more
practical than many other plastic applications because of the high value of the resin and the almost exclusive
use of PET for widely used water and carbonated soft drink bottling. PET has a resin identification code of 1.
The prime uses for recycled PET are polyester fiber.
Unlike polyester, recycled polyester uses PET as the raw material. This is the same material that is used in
clear plastic water bottles, and recycling it to create the fabric prevents it from going to landfill. The
steps involved in the production process are as follows.
The empty PET packaging is discarded by the consumer, after use and becomes PET waste.
- The collected PET bottles are sterilized, dried and crushed into small chips.
- The chips are heated and passed through a spinneret to form strings of yarn.
- This yard is wound up in spools.
- The fiber is then passed through a crimping machine to create a flufy woolly texture. Spun yarns are
produced much the same way cotton yarn is produced.
- The long filaments are cut into short pieces called staple. These are then combined together with cotton
staple and spun to create yarn made up of thousands of short filaments.
- This yarn is then beamed, woven and dyed into terry towels.
Because of the recyclability of PET and the relative abundance of postconsumer waste in the form of bottles,
PET is rapidly gaining market share as a textile fiber. Example: Mohawk Industries released everSTRAND in
1999, a 100% post-consumer recycled content PET fiber. Since that time, more than 17 billion bottles have been
recycled into carpet fiber.
This process of converting PET into recycled polyester requires much less
energy than in the case of normal polyester. In fact it takes 33-53% less
Using more recycled polyester reduces our dependence on petroleum as the
raw material for our fabric needs.
Diverting PET bottles for this process reduces landfill, and thus less soil contamination, air and water
Recycled polyester doesn’t require agricultural land, nor does it consume gallons of water like cotton does.
Textile recycling is generated from two primary sources:
- Pre-consumer: includes scraps created by yarn and fabric by-products.
- Post-consumer: includes garments, upholstery, towels, household items to be repurposed.
The largest volume of recycled cotton sources is produced through pre-consumer waste. Pre-consumer waste comes
from any excess material produced during the production of yarn, fabrics and textile products, e.g. selvage
from weaving and fabric remnants from factory cutting rooms.
The majority of recycled cotton is claimed through mechanical recycling. The fabrics and yarn are run through
a machine that shreds the fabric into yarn and further into raw fiber. This process is harsh and puts a great
deal of strain on the fiber – it is not uncommon for fibers to break and entangle during shredding. The raw
fiber is then spun back into yarns for reuse in other products. The quality of recycled fiber will never have
quality values equal to the original fiber. Specifically, fiber length and length uniformity will be impacted.
The resulting staple fiber is shorter than the original fiber length, meaning it is more dificult to spin.
Recycled cotton is therefore often blended with virgin cotton fibers to improve yarn strengths. Commonly, not
more than 30% recycled cotton content is used in the finished yarn or fabric.
Cotton is an extremely resource intense crop in terms of water, pesticides and insecticides. This means that
using recycled cotton can lead to significant savings of natural resources and reduce pollution from
agriculture. Recycling one ton of cotton can save 765 cubic meters (202,000 US gal) of water.
Recycled cotton is often combined with recycled plastic bottles to make clothing and textiles, creating
sustainable, earth-conscious products.
Eco Terry is the newest form of sustainability and recycling combined.
Each 17# per dozen bath towels will recycle two 16 oz water bottles and 2.27 oz of recycled cotton.
Control Union Certifications has launched the first Global Recycling Standard (GRS) for textiles and clothing
to ensure greater sourcing clarity right through the production supply chain.
The Global Recycling Standard has been developed to meet demands, in the textile industry and beyond, for
verification of the amount of recycled parts or ingredients in a given product. It is essential for retailers
and consumers alike to know which parts of specific products are made using recycled materials, and how these
materials are processed throughout the supply chain.
The GRS provides a track and trace certification system that ensures that the claims made about a product can
be oficially backed up. In order to gain GRS process certification, all the companies involved in the
manufacture and trading of your products, including suppliers of half-finished products, have to comply with
the GRS standard.
MADE IN GREEN by OEKO-TEX® is a traceable product label for all kinds of textiles (e.g. garments, home
textiles) and non-textile components (e.g. accessories). A MADE IN GREEN product ID proves that the product
has been tested for harmful substances. This is achieved by certification according to STeP by OEKO-TEX®. It
also guarantees that the textile product has been manufactured using sustainable processes under
environmentally friendly and socially responsible working conditions. This is carried out through
certification in accordance with STeP by OEKO-TEX®. The unique product ID can be used to trace the product. It
can thus be shown where the diferent stages of product manufacturing have taken place.
Riba Textiles Limited
DD-14, Nehru Enclave,
Near Kalkaji Post Office,
New Delhi - 110019
Tel.: 91-11-26236986, 26213012
Riba Textiles Limited
Panipat - 132103 (Haryana)
Tel.: 91-180-2696110, 4011986
Riba Textiles Limited
E-mail : email@example.com